Week #17 Essay, History
The fall of Constantinople
Constantine established Constantinople in Asia Minor in 306 AD as his city’s capitol.
Constantinople was first captured by the fourth crusade in 1204. It was captured yet again in 1261, weakening the city.
During the years between 1346 and 1349, Constantinople lost nearly half of its population due to the Black Plague.
By 1450, the city was barely more than a handful of cities and regions that weren’t connected to each other.
In 1451, Mehmed II became sultan of the Ottoman Empire. He was only nineteen, but he was more than a great threat to the Christian Byzantium.
The army defending Constantinople of 7,000 men was pitiful compared to Mehemd’s 50,000 to 80,000 men. Mehemd also had a fleet of 100 ships with cannons.
The battle lasted until 1453, when Constantinople finally fell. This marked the end of the Roman Empire.
After many days of looting the city, Mehemd drew back and allowed the citizens of Constantinople to resume their lives as citizens of the Ottoman Empire.