Week #18 Essay, History
Famous Artists during the Renaissance period
Leonardo da Vinci was born in 1452 in Florence, Italy. He grew up to be a famous artist, scientist and inventor. When he was 20, he was a master in the Guild of St. Luke. His most famous work is The Mona Lisa, which he worked for years on. Leonardo died in 1519.
Michelangelo was born in 1475 outside of Tuscany, Italy. He had been the apprentice of the man who owned the largest workshop in Florence. His most famous works are his statue of David and the painting he did on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, which took him four years to complete. He helped design St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome, but didn’t get to see the finished project. He died in 1564.
Raphael, Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci are known as the greatest artists during the Renaissance. Raphael had been good at painting even when he was little. He had a giant workshop where he created his art. His most famous piece is The School of Athens, in which he painted himself and many other famous philosophers. He died at age 37, 1520.
Donatello was born in 1386 and became a Florence artist who specialized in sculpture. He created many “relief” carvings; a special type of art that was raised off the background. He worked for the Medici family in Florence, a very rich and influential household. One of his famous sculptures was a bronze statue of David. Donatello died in 1466.
Botticelli was born in 1445 and became an Italian painter of the Florence school. He became an apprenticed painter at age 17. One of his famous paintings was The Birth of Venus (Aphrodite). He died in 1510.
Titian was the most important member in the Venetian School. He loved many different colors. He painted for Philip II of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. He lived into his eighties, 1576.